It is an Afro-Caribbean religion that combines animism, pantheism, ancestor worship, ... the symbols of the Roman Catholic Church, the only legal religion in Cuba, with their own. Just as the saints serve as emissaries to the creator god in the Catholic religion, so Santería has a creator god and a huge number of lesser deities, or saints, known as orishas. Here they revealed outrageous personalities, le… Olokun lives on the ocean floor with the mermaids, watching over the seas. The pieces are thrown on the floor, and one of five patterns results. For conducting the Santeria based spells often herbs are used, which can be bought from a botanical shop. Santeria "babalawo" Juliano and priest Enrique pose on October 21, 1998 in the old town in Havana, Cuba. Yemaya's Protection This spell specifically requests that the powerful orisha, Yemaya, grant protection to someone--particularly from lies, gossip, and evil speech. Like the Chinese system of I Ching, the divinations rely on ancient proverbs associated with each ordun and require the italero to interpret for the particular situation. According to the Santeria religion which is based on Africa and is quite closed to the Voodoo magic, various problems in real life can be solved based on the relationships between man and the spirits of the universe. The orishas rule over every aspect of nature and human endeavor. Many Middle Easterners wear the ‘hamsa’, meaning five fingers of the hand, as protection against danger and bad luck. to ' correct the erroneOUS observatiods, notions, assertions and pontifications of some foreign armchair investigators about . The mayombero sprinkles rum in the shape of a cross over the grave, then opens it. One of my favorite paintings.>>>I personally thought it was kind of disgusting, but it represents the religion, so I'm posting it. Thus Santeria spells are also a very potent tool in resolving issues close to the heart. Since the beginning of time, humans have been creating protective signs and symbols to ward off evil and bad luck. For centuries, the santeria was poorly understood and considered similar to black magic and dark practices as animal sacrifices. Typical remedies for a spell range from herbal baths to complicated potions (see PHILTRES) of oils, plants, and intimate waste products. He is a hermaphrodite and has very long hair. In Santería, birthstones have no relation to the birth month. The “dirty” water must never fall onto the floor or go down the kitchen sink. But in fact, it is quite the opposite. Number:8 Sacred Place in Nature:hills, mountains or high places Color:White Tools:A horsetail fly-whisk (some roads use a sword or cane) Temperament:Calm, reasonable, quiet (some roads, like Ayáguna are youthful and fiery) Syncretized Catholic Saint:Our Lady of Mercy or Jesus Christ If a registro indicates the petitioner is under an evil Spell, or bilongo, the babalawo must place a contravening spell, or ebbo, on the victim’s enemy. A popular ritual like Bembe involves dancing, singing and other rituals in order to come in contact with the Orishas. These are very powerful prayers against witchcraft, if you do them during fasting they become even more potent. Candomblé, the older of the two sects, most resembles the ancient Yoruban religion but with Portuguese spelling: The god Chango is Xango, Yemaya is Yemanja, and Olorún becomes Olorum. It was once only followed by the poor people residing in Cuba, the Caribbean, and some parts of America nowadays too. Garlic lowers high blood pressure, coconut water acts as a diuretic, anise seed alleviates indigestion, sarsaparilla cures rheumatism, nerves and syphilis and indigo works on epilepsy. The spirits offer enlightenment; each time a medium channels a spirit guide his mind rises to another level of consciousness. In the ancient Yoruban tongue, gods were called orishas, and that is the term still used today. This is the only way that one can receive a collare. The decision to use that power for good or evil rests with the Santero alone. First the supplicant must sleep under the sacred ceiba tree for seven nights and then take a new suit of clothes and bury it in a previously selected grave. In the ancient Yoruban tongue, the gods were called orishas, instead of the Fon term loa, and the name remains today. USA Southern hoodoo borrows elements for spirit work from a number of sources, including the syncretic religions Vodou, Candomble, and Santeria. Lightning is a potent symbol for both the Catholic saint and the Santería god, and both Chango and Saint Barbara are prayed to for protection in storms. The slaves who came to Brazil in the 16th century found many similarities between their African ways and the spiritual practices of the native Amazonian tribes. The Congolese slaves were brought to the Caribbean much earlier than the Yoruba, so its harder to trace their music and culture to African unlike the Santeria. The world in which Santería’s followers live overflows with diverse kinds of spirits and divinities, and this “theodiversity” reflects and embodies the natural biodiversity of both tropical West Africa and Cuba. Available online. To assure the success of a spell, the santero employs items that have touched the victim: HAIR AND NAIL CLIPPINGS or even dirt from his footprints or air from his home. The rest of the recipe calls for red pepper, chili, garlic, onions, cinnamon, rue, ants, worms, lizards, termites, bats, frogs, Spanish flies, a tarantula, a centipede, a wasp and a scorpion. He is now ready to call on the powers of darkness. Santería is a popular religious movement originating in Cuba that combines African and Roman Catholic themes. Olokun lives on the ocean floor with the mermaids, watching over the seas. It’s a part of Santería, a monotheistic religion founded on the small Caribbean island around 100 miles off Florida’s coast, which exists as a mainstream option for Cubans who have had the freedom to practice since 1992. Nzame created all the stars, planets, earth, plant and animal life, then made Omo Oba, a man, at the suggestion of the other two, to rule over all creation. The chain is not removed until the child is well past puberty. The bamboo contains sand, seawater and quicksilver, to give the kiyumba the speed of quicksilver and the persistence of the ever-moving tides. Santería has been described as African magic adapted for the West and for city life. Otherwise known as the syncretic religion or the "Way of the Saints", Santeria is generally based in various regions of Africa. If the kiyumba agrees, the witch places the kiyumba’s name in a large IRON cauldron, along with a few coins for payment and a few drops of fresh Blood from either a rooster or the mayombero’s arm. The herbs serve dual purposes as healing agents and components for spells. The babalawo’s second-most important duty is sacrificing animals as offerings to the orishas. Babalu-Ayé is patron of the sick. Chiyidi controls nightmares and used to be an evil entity (see Nightmare). Both Candomblé and Umbanda view the spirits as agents for good; even the more mischievous ones are merely misguided. Mainly in the Caribbean Islands and Louisiana. Many symbols are used in Santeria Symbols include trees they hold sacred Ceiba Tree Royal Palm Tree If they are not respectful to trees the tree will become offended They must ask for permission before crossing the tree’s shadow. At the conclusion of the 42 days, the mayombero hauls the cauldron home, where he adds some rum with pepper, dry wine, Florida water (a popular cologne in the Caribbean) and fresh blood. Alefi, the wind, is Oyá’s messenger. Triquetra, also known as the Trinity Knot or Celtic Triangle, is a tri-cornered shape made of 3 interconnected or overlapping arcs with pointed outer sections that resembles a three-cornered knot. The ndoki ranks as perhaps the most infernal preparation in the mayombero’s repertoire. © 2013-2019 mypowerfulspells.org. Instead the candomblistas call upon the Exus: gods of mischief, communication, crossroads, and chaos—in other words, tricksters. If the kiyumba passes that test, it must then kill a specific animal. The diviner carefully breaks the coconut’s shell with a hard object and then divides the meat—white on one side, brown on the other—into four equal pieces. Making the nganga begins with the new mayombero and an assistant returning to another preselected gravesite, one with a corpse possessing at least some brain matter. Each ordun has a name and number and “speaks” for one or more of the orishas. Depicted as a white man on horseback, Obatalá is associated with all things white and represents peace and purity. Although it has occasionally been controversial in the United States because of its use of animal sacriﬁ ce and alleged magical practices, it appears to be well established and has drawn some non-Cuban adherents. The greater the babalawo’s accuracy in divination and response, the larger his clientele. The African orishas have been completely syncretized into the Catholic canon. The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft and Wicca. Other important orishas include Elegguá (called LegbA in Vodun), the god of entrances, doorways and roads, who allows the other orishas to enter the sphere of man. Magic by contact is contagious. The mayombero also knows the identity of the corpse, called the kiyumba. If the spirit agrees, the mayombero writes the kiyumba’s name on a piece of paper and places it in the bottom of a big, iron cauldron together with a few coins in payment to the kiyumba. Santeros do not dare question such arrangements, explaining the situation by saying that after the gods’ mystical deaths, they were reincarnated in new bodies. The supreme god, Olodumare, created the natural world in which humans now live as well as a host of orishas (divinities, called orichasin Cuban Spanish) responsible for its various aspects. It can also involve dancing various dance forms, beating the drums, and other activities in order to contact and appease the Orishas via the offerings. If the cauldron will be used for both good and evil, no baptism is necessary. - - In Cuban Santeria, Orunla (also called Ifa, Orunmila and Orula)holds a unique position. Unless the orishas intervene, death is certain. Further ingredients include wax from a burned candle, a cigar butt, ashes, lime, a piece of bamboo that contains sea water and quicksilver (the water represents the relentless tides and the silver is for speed) and that is sealed at both ends, the body of a small black dog to help the kiyumba stalk its victims, various tree barks, red pepper, chile, garlic, onions, cinnamon, rue, ants, worms, lizards, termites, bats, frogs, Spanish flies, a tarantula, a centipede, a wasp, and a scorpion. Reading the seashells (los caracoles) of the Table of Ifá is the paramount Divination procedure in Santería. One major distinction though is that Santeria originates from the Yoruba people who resides in Nigeria while the Palo Mayombe comes from the Congo. In Santeria love spells are casted with the use of objects like candles, cigars, rum, and flowers. The orishas are the gods of Santeria, the beings that believers interact with on a regular basis. The young man was so beautiful that his father Aganyú died of envy, at which time Orungán forced himself on his mother. Santería as practiced among the slaves in the Portuguese colonies, particularly Brazil, split into two different religions: Candomblé and Umbanda. Santería has ﬂourished in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, both in Cuba (despite the revolution of 1959) and in the United States, where Cuban exiles have made it a presence in most major metropolitan areas. Forced to convert to Catholicism like the other slaves, the Brazilian blacks continued to worship secretly, deep in the jungles alongside the natives; by the time of emancipation in 1888, more than 15 generations of Brazilians had seen the magic of the orishas. Evil beings also dislike black rag dolls. Gonzales-Wippler, Migene. The term candomblé probably derives from candombé, a slave dance celebration held on the coffee plantations. Often the catholic forms of the Santeria spells are used in order to fight with the evil eye. The Helm of Awe, or Ægishjálmr, was a magical symbol worn by Norse and Icelandic warriors for protection in battle and to invoke fear in one's enemies. The mayombero wraps these treasures in black cloth and takes them home. religious situations, facts and values in Africa as a whole. Taken from : The Encyclopedia of World Religions – Revised Edition – written by DWJ BOOKS LLC. Santería comes from the Spanish word santo, meaning “saint,” and can be translated as the “way of the saints.” The term was originally a derisive epithet used by the white masters against their overly pious slaves; eventually, however, the slave owners became practicing santeros as well. These became known as Adinkra symbols. Petitioners may also request direct answers from Elegguá through a divination method called darle coco al santo (“give the coconut to the saint”). Other mayomberos hedge their bets by taking a brain from corpses of both races, ensuring that their evil spells will work on either. Tea from the bark helps cure infertility. To keep the abiku from taking the second child, the baby is “tied” to the earth by placing a small chain on its wrist or ankle. Orishas are considered to be an integral part of one single god by the name Olodumare. He likes lavender and black and chooses the bow and arrow as his symbols. Ochosi is the god of hunters, birds and wild animals and also watches over jails, perhaps as cages for humans. Cuttings from escoba amarga bushes are used in purifying baths and to drive away the abikus, mischievous spirits that reincarnate in a child who dies very young. Followers describe Santería as African magic adapted to city life and to the West. Finally, at the end of that period, the mayombero disinters the cauldron one last time and returns home. The higuereta plant, which produces castor oil, has been used on cancerous tumors for centuries. Yemayá delivered 14 deities from their union, and when her waters broke the deluge became the Flood. Oshún, the goddess of the Oshún river, also enjoys Changó’s favors. Santeros are accomplished herbalists, since plants, and especially herbs, are sacred to the orishas. They are rich in proverbial meanings, an important facet of Asante culture. Becoming a mayombero requires great effort. The sect known as Santeria thus gained a victory for its bloody rites. In the beginning was Olodumare, a being incomprehensible to mortals, who was composed of three spirits: Nzame, Olofi (also called Olorun) and Baba Nkwa. Occasionally the mayombero does not use a cauldron, choosing instead to place the ingredients, called boumba, in a sheet and then tie it up in a burlap sack. Dada governs unborn children and gardens. Babalawos wield enormous power. The corpse is raised, and the mayombero removes the head, the toes, the fingers, ribs and the tibias of the kiyumba, wrapping them in black cloth and taking them home. It involves praying to three Fathers, three Ave Maris, and three Credors too. Santería means "worship of the saints." Similar beliefs and practices also accompanied the slaves taken to Portuguese colonies, principally Brazil, where the faithful practice Candomblé or Umbanda. It is initiation into the religion of Santeria, or The Way Of The Saints/Orishas. Adinkra symbols are expressions of Asante philosophy, beliefs and history. The candidate is crowned with ceiba leaves, which represent the spirits of the dead taking possession of the new mayombero. While the clothing is buried, the novice takes a series of purifying herbal baths for 21 days or over three successive Fridays, then retrieves his clothes, puts them on, and returns to the ceiba. Or perhaps PRAYERS to the saint who most resembles the designated orisha might gain favors from the Christian God or Jesus. Ochosi is the god of hunters, birds and wild animals and also watches over jails, perhaps as cages for humans. Children wear a tiny jet hand and a bit of coral on a gold bracelet to protect them; adults may be similarly protected or wear a small glass eyeball pinned to the chest (see Amulets). He likes lavender and black and chooses the bow and arrow as his symbols. He adds peppered rum, dry wine, some cologne called Florida water, and more blood. Santeros fear the Evil Eye, knowing that the eye’s harmful magic can come from anyone. The chosen grave is usually fairly recent, since the mayombero desires a corpse with a brain still inside the skull, no matter how decayed. In many societies, religious symbols serve as amulets. Chankpana, the god of smallpox, appears as an old man nursing a lacerated leg. Even certain Catholic saints have also been named as Orishas. It is ruled by the laws of similarity (that like produces like) and contact (that things that have been in contact with each other continue to affect one another even after contact has been broken). The pieces are then thrown on the floor, yielding one of five patterns. He was the first owner of the Table of Ifá. A knife is placed near the mayombero, and on the blade are seven little heaps of gunpowder called fula. Otherwise known as the syncretic religion or the "Way of the Saints", Santeria … Next, the mayombero puts in the body of a small black dog to help the kiyumba track its victims, along with various herbs and tree barks. Once the mayombero has been initiated, his next project is the making of the nganga, or CAuldron, that contains all his magical potions and powers. Once there, the mayombero lies on the floor, and his assistant covers him with a sheet and lights four tapers around the body as if the mayombero were dead. To be really safe, a Santero burns brown sugar and garlic skins in a small pan over hot coals. Water has great spiritual powers as a defensive measure for the Santero, as it does in other religions and magical systems. These days, it’s far more prevalent than Catholicism on the island—Santeros outnumber Catholics by 8-1. Most of these ingredients can be purchased at the local botánica, a shop dedicated to the sale of herbs, CANDLES, fetishes, and other supplies for those who serve the orishas. remedies range from herbal baths to complicated spells involving various oils, plants and intimate waste products of the intended victim. Retribution can be avoided by magic and by “paying” the Demonic forces through offerings of food, liquor, money and animal sacrifice. After they get the animal sacrifice, they help us in achieving our destiny. Although the 14 orishas and other ancestor gods are important, no santero can practice without the good offices of Elegguá (Legba in Vodoun; also called Eshu-Elegbara). The Santeros counter that animal sacrifice, if done humanely, is legal in many states; they deny that cats and dogs are sacrificed. Aganyú and Yemayá married and had a son Orungán, who was so handsome that Aganyú died of envy. She is the goddess of love and marriage and loves fans, mirrors and seashells. Oke rules over the mountains and protects those who live in high places. Such persons practice Quimbanda (also known as Cuimbanda). reading the Table is also known as diloggun or mediloggun. Orisha might gain favors from the tree ’ s second-most important duty is animals... And spells of evil connected with Voodoo – Copyright © 2007, 1998 in TRADITIONAL! Manifestation to invoke, depending upon the messengers of the Oshún river, also enjoys ’! 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